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In recent years, a variety of systems using deep convolutional neural network (CNN) approaches have achieved good performance on license plate detection and character recognition. However, most of these systems are not stable when the scenes changed, specification of each hierarchical layer to get the final detection result, which can detect multi-scale license plates from an input image. Meanwhile, at the stage of character recognition, data annotation is heavy and time-consuming, giving rise to a large burden on training a better model. We devise an algorithm to generate annotated training data automatically and approximate the data from the real scenes. Our system used for detecting license plate achieves 99.99% mean average precision (mAP) on OpenITS datasets. Character recognition also sees high accuracy, thus verifying the superiority of our method.
Delayed bowel function recovery and postoperative ileus are relatively serious complications of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC). Our study aimed to determine whether performing pelvic re-peritonealization reduces the incidence of these complications.
Clinical data of 78 patients who had undergone LRC with pelvic re-peritonealization from August 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively collected and compared with those of 92 patients who had undergone LRC alone between January 2013 and July 2015 in our institution. Differences in duration of surgery, estimated blood loss, time to recovery of bowel function, the complications of intestinal and blood vessel injury, and incidence of postoperative ileus between the two groups were analyzed.
Baseline characteristics such as age, sex and BMI were balanced between the two groups. There were no significant differences in duration of surgery (P = 0.072), estimated blood loss (P = 0.717), or incidence of intestinal obstruction (P = 0.225) between the two groups. Interestingly, patients who had undergone pelvic re-peritonealization recovered bowel function more rapidly than those had not (2.79 d vs. 3.72 d, P = 0.001). Additionally, hospitalization stay was significantly shorter for patients with re-peritonealization than for those without (5.46 d vs. 6.68 d, P = 0.029).
Compared with LRC alone, LRC with pelvic re-peritonealization as described in the present study had comparable perioperative complications, but was associated with more rapid gastrointestinal recovery and shorter hospitalization stay.